You only need a cam with a wide angle lens (17mm here), the idea and the location In addition - for getting better results than from free hand - a good tripod is nice, a panoramic head really helpful and a remote control for the cam top.
The goal is a 360° panorama.
I placed the tripod at the end of the way, camera mounted vertically to get more sky and already calculated that a I'll need 10 shots.
The first shot was the arriving plane before it left the viewfinder, then turning around 180° to catch it from behind (I wasn't very fast ). After that I had all time to shoot the other 8 pics.
The rest is software: you need a stitching app to calculate the full pano out of the 10 pics. I used AutoPano pro. Very easy. Then with any other graphic software you do the following: squeeze the pic horizontally so that it becomes the same width as it's height. Rotate the canvas 180°. Now use a distortion filter called "Polar Coordinates"/ rectangular to polar - or so. That's it.
Of course I'm a beginner and all I want is a nice A380 coming out of the green in Jenisch Park just before landing.
Thank you philidor! It's really easy. The biggest challenge is to find a location with a very near high object, a flat ground like the middle of a street or a meadow and a horizon if possible.
Baroque: try it out in your living room or kitchen! The smaller the lens the easier it is to find the nodal point of the lens. A smartphone is easiest to use: rotate under the middle of the lens, not the middle of the body! Before find out the Field of View (Diag) or Field of View (Hor) of the lens, subtract 25% for the overlap and finally divide 360° by this number = number of pitures to take.
Using a smartphone I would put the vertical line under the lens on a finger and then rotate the whole circle on the fingertip. Easy after some tries. btw: many cams offer a panoramic function und can stitch the pictures themself.
Just to show that free hand works well: my very first small planet made with my pocket Lumix. The ‘Coffee to Fly‘ at HAM rwy 33/15, summer 2009, standing on the bridge over the autobahn around the airport. Rotated over my finger tip just under the small lens. Clouds in the blue sky are always nice on every plane shot